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tv   Journal  PBS  August 11, 2011 6:30pm-7:00pm PDT

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>> hello, everyone. welcome to "the journal." the british prime minister pledges action to quell the riots. >> there is encouraging data in the markets. >> ukraine would like to renegotiate a controversial gas deal with their neighbor russia. the british prime minister david cameron would like to give the police new powers to deal with
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rioters and looters including a crackdown on face masks and a review of curfews. he said the government was looking at the possibility of disrupting social networking sites during times of mass violence. this came during an emergency debate in the parliament called to deal with the rioting and looting in english cities. >> more than a thousand arrests have been made. courts are staying around with the cases. the government will do everything it can to stop the rioting. >> it is the government's respononbility to show that every future contingencies is looked at. >> and cameron is planning a 20% cut in police funding as part of his austerity plans. the opposition labor party is
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not happen. >> above all, the police should make the public feels safer. >> the public is attached to a visible police presence. does the minister understand why he goes ahead with these numbers? >> the damage is estimated to be and the hundreds of millions. the police have to pay for right damages. cameron has urged 40 billion pounds to help businesses recover. -- 30 million pounds to help businesses recover. >> you are not achieving anything. people are losing their livihoods, their homes. >> , might have returned to the
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streets but the debate about what caused the rights and whether they might happen again is only just beginning. >> we got this update on the additional measures announced by david cameron. >> that will take some time according to my sources. there is separate legislation to come in before this can happen. there are sweeping new powers including bringing the army in to support the police. it is not clear yet. there will be a ban on all the call was paid to people not be able to hide their faces any more. -- there will be a ban on face masks. people not able to hide their faces anymore. they will be able to cut
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connections to social networking sites if and when criminal activity is being arranged. courts what did the prime minister have to say about the causes of the rights -- >> what did the prime minister have to say about the causes of the riots? >> he blamed a complete lack of moral and a break down of parenting and education for what happened. also also making reference to gang culture. he said he would like to bring in help from other countries. there are experienced police officers. >> let's find out what the markets are doing. >> it will take a whole lot of data to get things going. we have that data going. shares have been nosediving over
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fears about the world economic output. americans claiming there are new jobless benefits and european exchanges rebounded. traders said it meant the uncertainty is not over yet. >> volatile markets give off positive signals. investors and traders remain nervous. that is captured in the index which reflects the volatility of share prices. some traders called it the farrell meter. it climbs in line with the -- on any given day. there's no sign that things will calm down anytime soon. french banks remained in the spotlight amid concerns about exposure to create debt. shares fell early in the session but rebounded in the afternoon. i>> for more on the exchanges,
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here is our frankfurt correspondent was some good news. >> it has been a very rough roller-coaster ride. this time it led to a happy and. the dax finished the trading in positive territory and went up by more than 3%. the strong recovery was driven by financial shares after french banking shares were hammered yesterday and they started to recover. maybe yesterday there had been some market manipulation going. on the other hand, investors in germany remembered that the german economy is in a quite strong opposition. steelmakers went of straight. >> there is encouragement on thursday with the leaders of france and germany having a meeting next week. the dax closed over 3% higher.
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wall street has snapped back up with the dow surging almost 4%. italy's's parliament has been called back from the summer break for an emergency session. the prime minister says any plan to balance the budget a year earlier means even more spending cuts. the european central bank has announced sweeping reforms and privatization of public services. and the lawmakers gathered outside of parliament to protest the reforms.
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90% of young germans are launching their career. this is a different story in other parts of the european union. the netherlands has lowest unemployment rate followed by austria and germany. in britain, one in five young people are unemployed and that jumped almost 40% increase. almost half of the young people are out of work in spain. the second largest carrier in berlin has announced losses. they continue to struggle. they have not posted full-year profit since 2007. they hope that cost-cutting measures will help. high fuel prices and the effect of the unrest in africa weighed on the airline's earnings. >> one of the main earnings in
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egypt and tunisia is building a stable future. the economic challenges are huge. >> at the marketplace, things are not going very well. tourists have been avoided the country since it was rocked by revolution. in times like these, it is not possible for them to expand. they1 cannot get a bank loan. the financial fund is set to change that. this will help egyptians a awell as to nations to inject new life. the german government is contributing 20 million euros to the initiative. >> there are people who are able to build a livelihood, one that does not justt open economic opportunities for them and their families but potential employees
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as well. >> this support would create new perspectives. 25% of down people in tunisia and egypt are jobless. >> thank you for that. activists in serious say that the army has launched assaults oniraqi towns. a human rights group says 11 people were killed as tanks moved in to the town. the residents say around 14 tanks and armored vehicles have entered the town and hundreds of people have been arrested. this has been the scene of daily demonstrations. media has been allowed into hama for the first time. this shows some of the damage before the tanks moved out. the opposition greens and social democrats have issued their report on a german ordered air strike in afghanistan.
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at the time, the command thought that the people surrounding the tankers were taliban fighters. it later turned out that they were civilians. 80 died in the strike including women and children. >> the air strike was called in by a german colonel. a fatal error. they said that the officer had too little information to make the call. >> he violated the rules. most importantly, he failed to inform his superiors even though he had time to. he did not wake of the legal adviser. >> listed not stop with the bombardment according to the report but it carried on. the defense minister claimed no civilians had been killed, though there was evidence of up
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to 80 victims. the chancellor should be held accountable, said members of the green party. >> the chancellor withdrew from her governing responsibility by allowing the defense minister to provide false information. >> the opposition also faults the coalition for failing to draw the consequences. there is one thing that all parties agree on and the cost of the political spectrum. this was a watershed. this change the perceptions of the afghanistan mission for good. >> the german foreign minister guido westerwelle has called on kosovo and soviet to settle their disputes.
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-- coast of low and sarajevo to settle their disputes. he is the first top european official to visit the region since ethnic violence erupted two weeks ago. coast of vote declared their independence in 2008. this is not recognized as a state. the former ukrainian prime minister is back in court and her trial on corruption charges continues. she's accused of abuse of power and costing the state 100 million euros three deals that she signed with russia. moscow would like to maintain those deals. that was the message delivered as the dmitry medvedev met with the ukrainian president. >> a friendly exchange of handshakes for close political
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partners. serious talks are expected to follow. kiev would like to open negotiations on their gas contracts and russia has issues they would like to talk about. >> we have a lot of topics to discuss and as always, we want to be direct and friendly. >> russia is unsettled by the ongoing legal proceedings against the former prime minister. the russian foreign ministry said that she acted in accordance with the law when she concluded gas supply contracts with russia in 2009. moscow hopes she will receive a fair trial. >> russia is not defending her but the gas deal that she signed and is now serving as a pretext for these proceedings. >> instead of eliminating one of his rivals, the proceedings may
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only alienate one of the foreign allies. >> the president was even taken by surprise. it was vladimir putin who negotiated the controversial deal. >> the u.s. will give $17 million in aid for eastern african countries hit by the worst famine in decades. 12 million is slated for somalia where tens of thousands of people are suffering from starvation. some of them have been making it to mogadishu for help. >> these families helped to survive such hope to survive the long journey. they have had to cross territories controlled by militants. aid agencies are struggling to cope with the exodus.
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>> the combination of civil war and drought has triggered this exodus. that means that we keep having to build a new refugee camps, organize supplies, and provide care for a large volume of people. there are no tents, no facilities, no water. this is an enormous challenge and people leave their homes. >> the man -- the u.n. estimates that they will need 1 billion euros to provide help for the region. the government is stepping up their contribution in germany and appealing to the german public to keep donating. the famine is expected to last for many months to come. >> i will be back after a short break with a closer look the hope that german researchers are holding out for farmers in drought-stricken africa. stay tuned to the
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>> hunger is spreading across east africa. this is due in part to the drought. as temperatures rise, impoverished lands have seen less rainfall. theres the damage that the salmon and food shortages will be even more serious in the future. the u.n. has set a goal of doubling the world food production by the year 2015. scientists are looking for ways to have a drought-resistant crops. they're looking to help the u.n. reach their goals. >> reading the world of hunger
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is the dream of researchers at a university near stood guard in southern germany. -- near stuttgart in southern germany. >> this is a very big objective but it is one we have meet head-on. a billion people are suffering from starvation, so we don't have a choice. it is our ethical and moral duty and we have to do our best to meet this goal. >> the project has been making headway by bringing together scientists from around the world. one of them is from cameroon. she is studying how to help plans to utilize water more efficiently. one technique is treating seas with a special coating. course we will try to see how much the coating is protecting
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this during the drought. i think a combination of technology like protein and other things would help institutions where we have seen an extreme drought like this. >> these new plant types can withstand extreme drought conditions. they could help prevent a failure and protect farmers livelihood's. asia could potentially suffer from shortages in the future. increase prosperity in emerging countries means that more haitians can afford meat and this requires huge amounts of fodder. in addition, more and more people need affordable food. the researchers hope to see better yields in asia.
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here it is important to know how much water a plant needs. a thermal imaging device shows well -- shows how well the plant utilizes water. this allows researchers to know which withstand the heat the best. >> we will be able to keep up with population growth. that is our task. that is why we are receiving funding for our professorships. we have to do our bit for society. every percentage point we can squeeze out of the harvest brings us closer to the goal. >> before they grow new plant varieties, they are able to select the most desirable characteristics. this cuts the time spent developing new varieties.
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that is the case with sorghum, a kind of millet. this is a basic foodstuffs where its cultivation is threatened by weeds. some varieties are able to withstand the troublesome plants. >> this is responsible for destroying up to 50% of crops in some years. that means the destruction of a basic crop of many millions of farmers. if we are able to produce a plan that is resistant, we can improve the food supplies for people in these countries. >> the latest production methods have to be suitable for the people who use them. that is why researchers also take into consideration the experience of the farmers in africa. the quality of the soil played a key role.
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researchers want to find out which fertilizers help produce the greatest yield. >> this measures potassium levels. the element is vital for soil. for the plants that can absorb it. >> they have to fight on several fronts in order to double production. research alone is not enough. >> science on its own will not achieve that aim but along with political leadership and industry, we will get there but it definitely will not be achieved without science. >> these scientists believe technological developments such as designer crops, better analysis, could have minimized the scale of the current famine
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in east africa or even prevented. researchers are sure that it will be possible to double food production by 2050. >> scientists are holding out for the promise of increased crop yields in the future, but what about now? could the salmon have been avoided? we put that question to a professor for economics at -- university. >> yes, it could have been prevented. in november of last year, it became clear that the rains which did not come would leave to an acute crisis situation this summer and there would have been plenty of time to ship in additional food and start distributing food assistance which unfortunately did not happen or happened too late. >> what needs to be done to address the real causes of the problem? >> unfortunately, many
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politicians see the urgency only when tv cameras are showing starving children. what we require is investment that need to be made ththee medium to long run. these are not particularly sexy for politicians that want to be reelected. >> in global terms, there is enough food for everyone. isn't the main problem that it is not being distributed fairly? >> we have seen a distribution problem, that is true but we cannot reduce is simply to a distribution problem. the research base is dwindling, especially with a view to water and land. also, this will lead to rising
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prices and rising prices hit the poorest of the port most and that means sustainable production increases are very necessary preconditions for food security. >> the u.n. said that they would like to double food production by 2015. how can they achieve that goal? >> that is realistic and we need to achieve this objective. this is a huge challenge. if we look at productivity development of the last 10 years and extrapolated into the future, it will not be enough. we really need to change minds and invest more. we need to harness modern science and technology and we need to invest in rural development from a broader perspective so that innovations are not only developed and reached small-scale farmers. >> thank you very much.
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with that, we wrap up "the journal," at this hour. stay tuned.
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